BURBANK, Calif.–(BUSINESS WIRE)–The Walt Disney Company (NYSE: DIS) today reported earnings for its fourth quarter and fiscal year ended September 28, 2019. Diluted earnings per share (EPS) from continuing operations for the fourth quarter decreased 72% to $0.43 from $1.55 in the prior-year quarter. Excluding certain items affecting comparability(1), diluted EPS for the quarter decreased 28% to $1.07 from $1.48 in the prior-year quarter. Diluted EPS from continuing operations for the year decreased 25% to $6.27 from $8.36 in the prior year. Excluding certain items affecting comparability(1), diluted EPS from continuing operations for the year decreased 19% to $5.77 from $7.08 in the prior year.

“Our solid results in the fourth quarter reflect the ongoing strength of our brands and businesses,” said Robert A. Iger, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, The Walt Disney Company. “We’ve spent the last few years completely transforming The Walt Disney Company to focus the resources and immense creativity across the entire company on delivering an extraordinary direct-to-consumer experience, and we’re excited for the launch of Disney+ on November 12.”

On March 20, 2019, the Company acquired Twenty-First Century Fox, Inc., which was subsequently renamed TFCF Corporation (TFCF), for cash and the issuance of 307 million shares. Additionally, as part of the TFCF acquisition, we acquired a controlling interest in Hulu LLC (Hulu). Results for the current quarter and fiscal year reflect the consolidation of TFCF and Hulu.

The following table summarizes the fourth quarter and full year results for fiscal 2019 and 2018 (in millions, except per share amounts):

 

Quarter Ended

 

 

 

Year Ended

 

 

 

Sept. 28, 2019

 

Sept. 29, 2018

 

Change

 

Sept. 28, 2019

 

Sept. 29, 2018

 

Change

Revenues

$

19,100

 

 

$

14,306

 

 

34 %

 

 

$

69,570

 

 

$

59,434

 

 

17 %

 

Income from continuing operations before income taxes

$

1,258

 

 

$

3,202

 

 

(61)%

 

 

$

13,944

 

 

$

14,729

 

 

(5)%

 

Total segment operating income(1)

$

3,436

 

 

$

3,277

 

 

5 %

 

 

$

14,868

 

 

$

15,689

 

 

(5)%

 

Net income from continuing operations(2)

$

785

 

 

$

2,322

 

 

(66)%

 

 

$

10,441

 

 

$

12,598

 

 

(17)%

 

Diluted EPS from continuing operations(2)

$

0.43

 

 

$

1.55

 

 

(72)%

 

 

$

6.27

 

 

$

8.36

 

 

(25)%

 

Diluted EPS excluding certain items affecting comparability(1)

$

1.07

 

 

$

1.48

 

 

(28)%

 

 

$

5.77

 

 

$

7.08

 

 

(19)%

 

Cash provided by continuing operations

$

1,718

 

 

$

3,853

 

 

(55)%

 

 

$

5,984

 

 

$

14,295

 

 

(58)%

 

Free cash flow(1)

$

409

 

 

$

2,652

 

 

(85)%

 

 

$

1,108

 

 

$

9,830

 

 

(89)%

 

(1)

EPS excluding certain items affecting comparability, total segment operating income and free cash flow are non-GAAP financial measures. The comparable GAAP measures are diluted EPS from continuing operations, income from continuing operations before income taxes, and cash provided by continuing operations, respectively. See the discussion on page 2 and on pages 9 through 12.

(2)

Reflects amounts attributable to shareholders of The Walt Disney Company, i.e. after deduction of noncontrolling interests.

SEGMENT RESULTS

The Company evaluates the performance of its operating segments based on segment operating income, and management uses total segment operating income as a measure of the performance of operating businesses separate from non-operating factors. The Company believes that information about total segment operating income assists investors by allowing them to evaluate changes in the operating results of the Company’s portfolio of businesses separate from non-operational factors that affect net income, thus providing separate insight into both operations and the other factors that affect reported results.

The following is a reconciliation of income from continuing operations before income taxes to total segment operating income (in millions):

 

Quarter Ended

 

 

 

 

Year Ended

 

 

 

 

Sept. 28, 2019

 

Sept. 29, 2018

 

Change

 

 

Sept. 28, 2019

 

Sept. 29, 2018

 

Change

 

Income from continuing operations before income taxes

$

1,258

 

 

$

3,202

 

 

(61)%

 

 

$

13,944

 

 

$

14,729

 

 

(5)%

 

Add/(subtract):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate and unallocated shared expenses

309

 

 

208

 

 

(49)%

 

 

987

 

 

744

 

 

(33)%

 

Restructuring and impairment charges

314

 

 

5

 

 

>(100)%

 

 

1,183

 

 

33

 

 

>(100)%

 

Other (income) / expense, net

483

 

 

(507

)

 

nm

 

 

(4,357

)

 

(601

)

 

>100 %

 

Interest expense, net

361

 

 

159

 

 

>(100)%

 

 

978

 

 

574

 

 

(70)%

 

Amortization of TFCF and Hulu intangible assets and fair value step-up on film and television costs

711

 

 

 

 

nm

 

 

1,595

 

 

 

 

nm

 

Impairment of equity investments

 

 

210

 

 

nm

 

 

538

 

 

210

 

 

>(100)%

 

Total Segment Operating Income

$

3,436

 

 

$

3,277

 

 

5 %

 

 

$

14,868

 

 

$

15,689

 

 

(5)%

 

The following table summarizes the fourth quarter and full year segment revenue and segment operating income for fiscal 2019 and 2018 (in millions):

 

Quarter Ended

 

 

 

Year Ended

 

 

 

Sept. 28, 2019

 

Sept. 29, 2018

 

Change

 

Sept. 28, 2019

 

Sept. 29, 2018

 

Change

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Media Networks

$

6,510

 

 

$

5,325

 

 

22 %

 

 

$

24,827

 

 

$

21,922

 

 

13 %

 

Parks, Experiences and Products

6,655

 

 

6,135

 

 

8 %

 

 

26,225

 

 

24,701

 

 

6 %

 

Studio Entertainment

3,310

 

 

2,177

 

 

52 %

 

 

11,127

 

 

10,065

 

 

11 %

 

Direct-to-Consumer & International

3,428

 

 

825

 

 

>100 %

 

 

9,349

 

 

3,414

 

 

>100 %

 

Eliminations

(803

)

 

(156

)

 

>(100)%

 

 

(1,958

)

 

(668

)

 

>(100)%

 

Total Revenues

$

19,100

 

 

$

14,306

 

 

34 %

 

 

$

69,570

 

 

$

59,434

 

 

17 %

 

Segment operating income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Media Networks

$

1,783

 

 

$

1,842

 

 

(3)%

 

 

$

7,479

 

 

$

7,338

 

 

2 %

 

Parks, Experiences and Products

1,381

 

 

1,177

 

 

17 %

 

 

6,758

 

 

6,095

 

 

11 %

 

Studio Entertainment

1,079

 

 

604

 

 

79 %

 

 

2,686

 

 

3,004

 

 

(11)%

 

Direct-to-Consumer & International

(740

)

 

(340

)

 

>(100)%

 

 

(1,814

)

 

(738

)

 

>(100)%

 

Eliminations

(67

)

 

(6

)

 

>(100)%

 

 

(241

)

 

(10

)

 

>(100)%

 

Total Segment Operating Income

$

3,436

 

 

$

3,277

 

 

5 %

 

 

$

14,868

 

 

$

15,689

 

 

(5)%

 

TFCF and Hulu operating results for the current period are consolidated and reported in our segments. Prior to the acquisition of TFCF, Hulu was accounted for as an equity method investment and was reported in our Direct-to-Consumer & International segment.

DISCUSSION OF FULL YEAR SEGMENT RESULTS

Segment operating income decreased at Direct-to-Consumer & International and Studio Entertainment and increased at Parks, Experiences and Products and Media Networks. The decrease at Direct-to-Consumer & International was due to the consolidation of Hulu, our ongoing investment in ESPN+ and costs to support the launch of Disney+. Lower segment operating income at Studio Entertainment was due to the consolidation of TFCF’s operations. TFCF results included a loss from theatrical distribution and film cost impairments, partially offset by income from TV/SVOD distribution. Higher operating results at Parks, Experiences and Products was due to growth at the domestic theme parks and resorts and merchandise licensing. The increase at our domestic parks and resorts was due to higher guest spending, partially offset by labor and other cost inflation. Growth at Media Networks was due to the consolidation of TFCF’s operations, partially offset by a decrease at our legacy operations. The decrease at our legacy operations was due to higher programming and production costs and a decrease in ABC Studios program sales, partially offset by an increase in affiliate revenue. Eliminations of segment operating income increased due to higher sales of ABC Studios programs to Hulu and the International Channels. The elimination of sales of TFCF television programs to Hulu and our International Channels also contributed to the increase.

DISCUSSION OF FOURTH QUARTER SEGMENT RESULTS

Media Networks

Media Networks revenues for the quarter increased 22% to $6.5 billion, and segment operating income decreased 3% to $1.8 billion. The following table provides further detail of the Media Networks results (in millions):

 

Quarter Ended

 

 

 

Year Ended

 

 

 

Sept. 28, 2019

 

Sept. 29, 2018

 

Change

 

Sept. 28, 2019

 

Sept. 29, 2018

 

Change

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cable Networks

$

4,243

 

 

$

3,527

 

 

20 %

 

 

$

16,486

 

 

$

14,610

 

 

13 %

 

Broadcasting

2,267

 

 

1,798

 

 

26 %

 

 

8,341

 

 

7,312

 

 

14 %

 

 

$

6,510

 

 

$

5,325

 

 

22 %

 

 

$

24,827

 

 

$

21,922

 

 

13 %

 

Segment operating income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cable Networks

$

1,256

 

 

$

1,275

 

 

(1)%

 

 

$

5,425

 

 

$

5,225

 

 

4 %

 

Broadcasting

377

 

 

394

 

 

(4)%

 

 

1,351

 

 

1,402

 

 

(4)%

 

Equity in the income of investees

150

 

 

173

 

 

(13)%

 

 

703

 

 

711

 

 

(1)%

 

 

$

1,783

 

 

$

1,842

 

 

(3)%

 

 

$

7,479

 

 

$

7,338

 

 

2 %

 

Cable Networks

Cable Networks revenues for the quarter increased 20% to $4.2 billion and operating income decreased $19 million to $1.3 billion. Lower operating income was due to a decrease at ESPN, partially offset by the consolidation of TFCF businesses (primarily the FX and National Geographic networks).

The decrease at ESPN was due to increases in programming, production and marketing costs, partially offset by higher affiliate revenue. Higher programming costs were driven by rate increases for NFL, college sports and MLB programming. Affiliate revenue growth was due to an increase in contractual rates and the launch of the ACC Network, partially offset by a decrease in subscribers.

Broadcasting

Broadcasting revenues for the quarter increased 26% to $2.3 billion and operating income decreased $17 million to $377 million. The decrease in operating income was due to lower results at our legacy operations, partially offset by the consolidation of TFCF program sales.

The decrease at our legacy operations was due to lower ABC Studios program sales, an increase in programming and production costs at the ABC Television Network, a decrease in advertising revenue and higher marketing costs. These decreases were partially offset by an increase in affiliate revenue due to higher rates. The decrease in ABC Studios program sales was driven by the comparison to prior-year sales of Daredevil and Iron Fist and lower sales of Black-ish. The increase in programming and production costs was driven by higher write-downs and an increase in the average cost of network programming in the current quarter compared to the prior-year quarter. Lower advertising revenue reflected a decrease in rates at the owned television stations.

Equity in the Income of Investees

Equity in the income of investees decreased from $173 million in the prior-year quarter to $150 million in the current quarter due to lower income from A+E Television Networks driven by a decrease in affiliate and advertising revenues and higher marketing costs.

Parks, Experiences and Products

Parks, Experiences and Products revenues for the quarter increased 8% to $6.7 billion, and segment operating income increased 17% to $1.4 billion. Operating income growth for the quarter was due to increases from merchandise licensing, Disneyland Resort and Disney Vacation Club.

Higher operating income at our merchandise licensing business was due to an increase in revenue from sales of merchandise based on Frozen and Toy Story, partially offset by lower sales of merchandise based on Mickey and Minnie.

Growth at Disneyland Resort was primarily due to higher guest spending, partially offset by expenses associated with Star Wars: Galaxy’s Edge, which opened on May 31, and, to a lesser extent, lower attendance. Guest spending growth was primarily due to increases in average ticket prices and higher food, beverage and merchandise spending.

The increase in operating income at Disney Vacation Club was due to higher sales at Disney’s Riviera Resort in the current quarter, which included a timing benefit from the adoption of new revenue recognition accounting guidance (see page 6), compared to sales of Copper Creek Villas & Cabins in the prior-year quarter.

Results at Walt Disney World Resort were comparable to the prior-year quarter, despite the adverse impact of Hurricane Dorian in the current quarter. Increases in guest spending and, to a lesser extent, occupied room nights and attendance were offset by higher costs. Higher costs were driven by costs associated with Star Wars: Galaxy’s Edge, which opened on August 29, and cost inflation. Guest spending growth was primarily due to increased food, beverage and merchandise spending and higher average ticket prices.

Operating income at our international parks and resorts was comparable to the prior-year quarter, as growth at Disneyland Paris and Shanghai Disney Resort was largely offset by a decrease at Hong Kong Disneyland Resort. The increase at Disneyland Paris was driven by higher average ticket prices and attendance growth. At Shanghai Disney Resort, higher operating income was due to an increase in average ticket prices, partially offset by lower attendance. Lower results at Hong Kong Disneyland Resort were due to decreases in attendance and occupied room nights reflecting the impact of recent events.

Studio Entertainment

Studio Entertainment revenues for the quarter increased 52% to $3.3 billion and segment operating income increased 79% to $1,079 million. Higher operating income was due to an increase in theatrical distribution results, partially offset by a loss from the consolidation of the TFCF businesses.

The increase in theatrical distribution results was due to the performance of The Lion King, Toy Story 4 and Aladdin in the current quarter compared to Incredibles 2 and Ant-Man And The Wasp in the prior-year quarter.

Operating results at the TFCF businesses reflected a loss from theatrical distribution driven by the performance of Ad Astra, Art of Racing In The Rain and Dark Phoenix, partially offset by income from TV/SVOD distribution.

Direct-to-Consumer & International

Direct-to-Consumer & International revenues for the quarter increased from $0.8 billion to $3.4 billion and segment operating loss increased from $340 million to $740 million. The increase in operating loss was due to the consolidation of Hulu, costs associated with the upcoming launch of Disney+ and our ongoing investment in ESPN+, which was launched in April 2018. These decreases were partially offset by a benefit from the inclusion of the TFCF businesses driven by income at Star India.

Commencing March 20, 2019, as a result of our acquisition of a controlling interest in Hulu, 100% of Hulu’s operating results are included in the Direct-to-Consumer & International segment. Prior to March 20, 2019, the Company’s ownership share of Hulu results was reported as equity in the loss of investees.

Eliminations

Revenue eliminations increased from $156 million to $803 million and segment operating income eliminations increased from a loss of $6 million to a loss of $67 million driven by eliminations of sales of ABC Studios and Twentieth Century Fox Television programs to the International Channels and Hulu.

ADOPTION OF NEW REVENUE RECOGNITION ACCOUNTING GUIDANCE

At the beginning of fiscal 2019, the Company adopted new revenue recognition accounting guidance (ASC 606). Results for fiscal 2019 are presented under ASC 606, while prior period amounts continue to be reported in accordance with our historical accounting.

The current quarter includes a $55 million favorable impact on segment operating income from the ASC 606 adoption. The most significant impact was an $88 million increase at Parks, Experiences and Products, which reflected licensing revenue from products related to films not yet released and benefits from the timing of recognition of licensing minimum guarantees and sales of vacation club properties.

OTHER QUARTERLY FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Corporate and Unallocated Shared Expenses

Corporate and unallocated shared expenses increased $101 million from $208 million to $309 million for the quarter due primarily to the consolidation of TFCF operations, costs related to the integration of TFCF and higher compensation costs.

Restructuring Charges

During the quarter, the Company recorded charges totaling $314 million, primarily for severance, in connection with the integration of TFCF. These charges are recorded in “Restructuring and impairment charges” in the Consolidated Statement of Income.

Other income (expense), net

Other income (expense), net was as follows (in millions):

 

Quarter Ended

 

 

 

Sept. 28, 2019

 

Sept. 29, 2018

 

Change

Loss on debt extinguishment

$

(511

)

 

$

 

 

nm

Gain recognized in connection with the acquisition of TFCF

28

 

 

 

 

nm

Gain on sale of real estate

 

 

507

 

 

nm

Other income (expense), net

$

(483

)

 

$

507

 

 

nm

In the current quarter, the Company recognized a loss on the extinguishment of a portion of the debt originally assumed in the TFCF acquisition and a gain on the deemed settlement of preexisting relationships with TFCF pursuant to acquisition accounting guidance.

Interest Expense, net

Interest expense, net was as follows (in millions):

 

Quarter Ended

 

 

 

 

Sept. 28, 2019

 

Sept. 29, 2018

 

Change

 

Interest expense

$

(413

)

 

$

(189

)

>(100)%

 

Interest, investment income and other

52

 

 

30

 

 

73 %

 

Interest expense, net

$

(361

)

 

$

(159

)

>(100)%

 

The increase in interest expense was due to higher debt balances as a result of the TFCF acquisition.

The increase in interest, investment income and other for the quarter was due to a $27 million benefit related to pension and postretirement benefit costs, other than service cost. The Company adopted new accounting guidance in fiscal 2019 and now presents the elements of pension and postretirement plan costs, other than service cost, in “Interest expense, net.” The comparable benefit of $8 million in the prior-year quarter was reported in “Costs and expenses.” The benefit in the current quarter was due to the expected return on pension plan assets exceeding interest expense on plan liabilities and amortization of net actuarial losses.

Equity in the Income (Loss) of Investees, net

Equity in the income (loss) of investees was as follows (in millions):

 

Quarter Ended

 

 

 

 

Sept. 28, 2019

 

Sept. 29, 2018

 

Change

 

Amounts included in segment results:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Media Networks

$

150

 

 

$

173

 

 

(13)%

 

Parks, Experiences and Products

(1

)

 

(4

)

 

75 %

 

Direct-to-Consumer & International

(18

)

 

(183

)

 

90 %

 

Impairment of equity investments

 

 

(210

)

 

nm

 

Equity in the income (loss) of investees, net

$

131

 

 

$

(224

)

 

nm

 

The decrease in equity income at Media Networks was due to lower income from A+E Television Networks driven by a decrease in affiliate and advertising revenues and higher marketing costs.

The decrease in equity losses at Direct-to-Consumer & International was due to the consolidation of Hulu.

Income Taxes

The effective income tax rate was as follows:

 

Quarter Ended

 

 

 

 

Sept. 28, 2019

 

Sept. 29, 2018

 

Change

Effective income tax rate – continuing operations

27.3

%

 

24.5

%

 

(2.8

)

ppt

 

The increase in the effective income tax rate from continuing operations for the quarter was driven by an unfavorable impact from the update of our full year effective income tax rate for the current year relative to the estimate at the end of the third quarter. The full year effective rate is used to determine the quarterly income tax provision and is adjusted each quarter based on information available at the end of that quarter. This increase was partially offset by a reduction of the Company’s U.S. statutory federal income tax rate to 21.0% in fiscal 2019 from 24.5% in fiscal 2018 as the result of U.S. federal income tax legislation (Tax Act), which was enacted in the prior year, and the comparison to a $0.1 billion unfavorable impact from the Tax Act recognized in the prior-year quarter.

Noncontrolling Interests

Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests was as follows (in millions):

 

Quarter Ended

 

 

 

Sept. 28, 2019

 

Sept. 29, 2018

 

Change

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

$

(129

)

 

$

(97

)

 

(33)%

 

 

The increase in net income attributable to noncontrolling interests was due to accretion of the fair value of the redeemable noncontrolling interest in Hulu, partially offset by lower results at Hong Kong Disneyland Resort.

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests is determined on income after royalties and management fees, financing costs and income taxes, as applicable.

FULL YEAR CASH FLOW STATEMENT INFORMATION

Cash Flow

Cash provided by operations and free cash flow were as follows (in millions):

 

Year Ended

 

 

 

Sept. 28, 2019

 

Sept. 29, 2018

 

Change

Cash provided by operations

$

5,984

 

 

$

14,295

 

 

$

(8,311

)

Investments in parks, resorts and other property

(4,876

)

 

(4,465

)

 

(411

)

Free cash flow(1)

$

1,108

 

 

$

9,830

 

 

$

(8,722

)

(1) Free cash flow is not a financial measure defined by GAAP. See the discussion on pages 9 through 12.

Cash provided by operations for fiscal 2019 decreased by $8.3 billion from $14.3 billion in the prior year to $6.0 billion in the current year. The decrease was due to the payment of tax obligations that arose from the spin-off of Fox Corporation in connection with the TFCF acquisition and the sale of the regional sports networks acquired with TFCF, higher pension contributions, lower segment operating income, an increase in film and television production spending and higher interest payments.

Capital Expenditures and Depreciation Expense

Investments in parks, resorts and other property were as follows (in millions):

 

Year Ended

 

Sept. 28, 2019

 

Sept. 29, 2018

Media Networks

 

 

 

Cable Networks

$

93

 

 

$

96

 

Broadcasting

81

 

 

107

 

Total Media Networks

174

 

 

203

 

Parks, Experiences and Products

 

 

 

Domestic

3,294

 

 

3,223

 

International

852

 

 

677

 

Total Parks, Experiences and Products

4,146

 

 

3,900

 

Studio Entertainment

88

 

 

96

 

Direct-to-Consumer & International

258

 

 

107

 

Corporate

210

 

 

159

 

Total investments in parks, resorts and other property

$

4,876

 

 

$

4,465

 

Capital expenditures increased from $4.5 billion to $4.9 billion driven by higher spending on new attractions at our theme parks and resorts and spending on technology to support our direct-to-consumer streaming services.

Depreciation expense was as follows (in millions):

 

Year Ended

 

Sept. 28, 2019

 

Sept. 29, 2018

Media Networks

 

 

 

Cable Networks

$

107

 

 

$

111

 

Broadcasting

84

 

 

88

 

Total Media Networks

191

 

 

199

 

Parks, Experiences and Products

 

 

 

Domestic

1,474

 

 

1,449

 

International

724

 

 

768

 

Total Parks, Experiences and Products

2,198

 

 

2,217

 

Studio Entertainment

74

 

 

55

 

Direct-to-Consumer & International

207

 

 

106

 

Corporate

167

 

 

181

 

Total depreciation expense

$

2,837

 

 

$

2,758

 

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

This earnings release presents free cash flow, diluted EPS excluding the impact of certain items affecting comparability, and total segment operating income, all of which are important financial measures for the Company, but are not financial measures defined by GAAP.

These measures should be reviewed in conjunction with the relevant GAAP financial measures and are not presented as alternative measures of operating cash flow, diluted EPS or income from continuing operations before income taxes as determined in accordance with GAAP. Free cash flow, diluted EPS excluding certain items affecting comparability and total segment operating income as we have calculated them may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies. See further discussion of total segment operating income on page 2.

Free cash flow – The Company uses free cash flow (cash provided by operations less investments in parks, resorts and other property), among other measures, to evaluate the ability of its operations to generate cash that is available for purposes other than capital expenditures. Management believes that information about free cash flow provides investors with an important perspective on the cash available to service debt obligations, make strategic acquisitions and investments and pay dividends or repurchase shares.

Contacts

Zenia Mucha
Corporate Communications
818-560-5300

Lowell Singer
Investor Relations
818-560-6601

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